Sugarcane

Weed Management

sugarcaneCommon Sugarcane weedsCrow foot grass (Dactyloctonium aegyptium), Goose grass (Elugine indica) Purselane(Portulaca oleracea), Mukand (Eclipta alba) Prickly chofflower (Achyranthus aspera), Bathua (Chenopodum album), Morning glory (Ipomea spp.), Nightshade (Solanum nigrum), Ground cherry (Physalis minima), Niruri (Phyllanthus niruri), Pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis), Rumitory (Fumaria pusviflora), Parthenium hysterophorus, Trianthema portulacostrum, Brachiaria reptans, Gynandropsis pentaphylla

Sugarcane weed management – The first hoeing and weeding should be given to crop 3-4 weeks after planting.

Apply pre emergence weediicdes like Atrazine @ 2 kg a.i/ha , followed by 2,4-D spray @ 1 kg a.i/ha.

The final earthing up should be completed before monsoon rains and should generally synchronise with application of the final dose of nitrogen. Good care in weeding and intercultural operations help clumps tiller early and form millable canes. The crop should be so managed that it grows rapidly to form a canopy over interspaces.This helps keep down weeds and thus costs of weeding and interculture and moisture loss from the soil surface.

Pest Management

Common Sugarcane pestEarly shoot borer, white grub, termite, mealy bug, internod borer, Top borer

Key Pests of Sugarcane and their control

*Link to ICAR – Coimbatore

Disease Management

Common Sugarcane diseasesRed rot, Sugarcane mosaic, Sugarcane red stripe, wilt

Major diseases of sugarcane and their control

 

*Link to ICAR – Coimbatore

Videos